Floating wind energy utilizes the same turbines as conventional wind energy, but unlike the latter, the turbines are placed on floating structures anchored with cables and moorings. The generated electricity is transmitted to the shore through submarine cables.
This technology opens up the possibility of implementing offshore wind projects in regions with greater depths, both in established markets such as the United Kingdom and France, and in emerging regions such as Japan and the West Coast of the United States.
As a less mature technology compared to seabed-fixed wind energy, floating wind energy is currently more expensive. However, it is expected that costs will rapidly decrease, making it relatively cost-competitive by 2030.
What are its advantages?
1.Efficient use of natural resources: floating renewable energy utilizes natural resources such as wind and sunlight to generate electricity, ensuring efficient use of these renewable resources.
2. Accessibility in deep-water regions: floating renewable energy technology allows for the placement of wind turbines and solar panels in deep-water regions where conventional technology would not be feasible. This opens up new opportunities for renewable energy development in coastal and offshore areas.
3. High energy generation potential: floating wind turbines and solar panels can be deployed in areas with strong winds or abundant sunlight, giving them a high potential for energy generation. These technologies have the capacity to produce significant amounts of electricity, contributing to reducing reliance on traditional energy sources.
4. Flexibility and scalability: floating renewable energy offers flexibility and scalability in implementation. Floating structures enable adaptability to different water depths and varied marine conditions, allowing for the development of large-scale renewable energy projects in diverse locations.
5. Reduced environmental impact: floating renewable energy technologies have a reduced impact on the environment. They reduce greenhouse gas emissions and do not generate air or water pollution, contributing to the protection of marine and terrestrial ecosystems.
6. Support for the local economy: the development of floating renewable energy projects can contribute to stimulating the local economy through job creation and infrastructure investments. This generates economic opportunities and supports the sustainable development of local communities.
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